Setting up a test

users provided devices to be tested and equipment to monitor the performance of the devices under test. We provided particle beam(s) as specified by the users. Our staff assisted the users with planning of their test and supported them with technical services and logistics. A full test campaign was normally completed in one week, including changes in the setup and adjustments in the test program according to user specifications.

The irradiation facilities (the ANITA facility, the QMN facility, and the proton facility) were located in the Blue Hall, 12 m below the ground level.

Common features for all TSL irradiation facilities

  • The user control rooms (”counting rooms”) were located at the ground level
  • The walking distance between the user control rooms and the Blue Hall was ≈100 m
  • The following cables were preinstalled between the experimental hall and the user control room:
    • Direct Ethernet (RJ45) connections, 6 pcs, including 4 connections rated to 1 Gbit/s
    • Coaxial (RG213), with BNC connectors, >100 pcs
    • Coaxial (RG58), with SHV connectors, rated to 2.5kV, >60 pcs to the neutron facilities, at least 6 pcs to the proton facility
  • Particle flux monitors operated in real-time mode
  • Readings of the monitors were continuously logged and were available on-line for users
  • Time-stamped log files of the monitor readings were available for users
  • Automatic beam-off with user-preset fluence (”BORN-system”)

The Blue Hall, where all irradiation facilities were located

AC power outlets available:

Voltage (V)

# of Phases




# of Pieces

230 1 50 10 CEE (EUR) 20
400 3 50 16 IEC60309 2
120 1 50 10 NEM (USA) 1
  • Ethernet outlets to TSL network, 4 pcs
  • 2 phone lines
  • Cell phone network coverage*
  • Movable concrete shielding blocks, 60 x 60 x 120 cm, at least 4pcs
  • Lasers for alignment of user’s devices under test:
    • Rotary point lasers defining the horisontal and vertical planes
    • Line laser, for the vertical plane, 1pc**
  • Tables on wheels with adjustable height, picture with specs.
  • Fork lift 1pc

* A user group could borrow guest cell phones, 2pcs, free of charge.

** Available at the neutron facilities. 

Service & Support

  • Logistics
  • Accomodation
  • Irradiated material storage
  • Support staff

Neutron facilities (ANITA and QMN):

User area

The user area extended from 250 cm to ≈15 m downstream of the ANITA production target. The neutron beam propagated from the production target towards the beam dump as a cone or as a pyramid, for cylindrical and square apertures, respectively. The beam axis was going at the height of 150 cm above the floor. Not less than 30 m2 area was available for user’s equipment, with the overall height of at least 2.5 m.


  • Beam spot size: variable from 1 cm to 120 cm (up to 80 cm for QMN beams)
  • Beam spot shape: circular or square
  • Other sizes and shapes available upon request
  • Time to change beam spot size/shape: ≤hour

Neutron Dosimetry:

  • Thin Film Breakdown Counters
  • Fission Ionisation Chambers
  • Faraday Cups for the primary proton beam

Proton facility (PAULA)

User area

The user area extended from 50 cm to ≈7.5 m downstream of the proton exit window. The proton beam propagated from the window towards the beam dump as a cone. The beam axis was going at the height of 150 cm above the floor. The overall height of the user area was at least 2.5 m.


  • Beam spot size: variable from 0.4 cm to 20 cm
  • More info to come

Proton Dosimetry:

  • Thin film breakdown counters
  • Scintillator telescope detectors
  • Faraday cups